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Power Pivot Principles: The A to Z of DAX Functions – CALENDARAUTO

7 December 2021

In our long-established Power Pivot Principles articles, we continue our series on the A to Z of Data Analysis eXpression (DAX) functions. This week, we look at the CALENDARAUTO function.

The CALENDARAUTO function automatically looks through your model and tries to find and return a table of appropriate dates to use.  Similar to the CALENDAR function, while we can use this function to create a new separate Calendar table in Power BI, Power Pivot (i.e. the Excel version) does not allow you to create a new table the same way that Power BI does.  However, the CALENDARAUTO DAX function is still available in Power Pivot because it returns a table of values, and that resulting table can be nested in other DAX formulae to create calculations and measures.

Its syntax is as follows:


It has only one optional argument:

  • FiscalYearEndMonth: an integer or DAX expression that returns an integer from one [1] to 12.  By default, it will use calendar years (or an equivalent value of 12).

It should be noted that:

  • this function ignores all calculated columns or calculated tables.  It will return an error if the model does not have any imported datetime values
  • the rules are as follows:
    • the earliest date in the model which is not in a calculated column or calculated table is taken as the MinDate
    • the latest date in the model which is not in a calculated column or calculated table is taken as the MaxDate
    • the date range returned is dates between the beginning of the fiscal year associated with MinDate and the end of the fiscal year associated with MaxDate
  • this function is not supported for use in DirectQuery mode when used in calculated columns or row-level security (RLS) rules.


Assuming that the MinDate and MaxDate in the data model are 1-Mar-20 and 25-May-21, respectively:

  • the formula below returns all dates between 1-Jan-20 to 31-Dec-21.


  • the formula below returns all dates between 1-Jul-19 to 30-Jun-21.


Come back next week for our next post on Power Pivot in the Blog section.  In the meantime, please remember we have training in Power Pivot which you can find out more about here.  If you wish to catch up on past articles in the meantime, you can find all of our Past Power Pivot blogs here.