A to Z of Excel Functions: the LOG Function
18 October 2021
Welcome back to our regular A to Z of Excel Functions blog. Today we look at the LOG function.
The LOG function
Logarithm is a term coined by Scottish mathematician John Napier (1550-1617), from the Greek word logos meaning "proportion, ratio or word" and arithmos meaning "number", which therefore roughly translates to "ratio-number".
For a given base, a logarithm states the power that the base must be raised to for a given number, e.g.
The LOG function returns the logarithm of a number to the base you specify. Its syntax is given by
The LOG function has the following arguments:
- number: this is required and represents the positive real number for which you wish to determine the logarithm
- base: this argument is optional and denotes the base of the logarithm. If it is omitted, the base is assumed to be 10.
Please see my example below:
We’ll continue our A to Z of Excel Functions soon. Keep checking back – there’s a new blog post every business day.
A full page of the function articles can be found here.